4.25.2016

Ion Exchange Battery (IEB) Open Source Patent Wet Electrode Battery (WEB)

***This may not work because the extra electrons from the oxidized side may not flow up the anode.  This flow usually happens because there is a direct ionic connection between the atom bieng oxidized with the rest of the anode.  This may be one of the reasons the iron ion is held in a chemical covalent structure (heme) in blood so the electron can be transferred***

This could be called the "blood battery", "bio battery" etc.  In my last open source patent I described a noble metal battery which can be maintained in the positive electrode potential range for easy recharging.  Well what if we weren't confined to using solid metals?  What if we could use charged liquids or even gasses instead?  This would make anode selection much easier, we could keep ultimate rechargability while opening up many more element possibilities.  The reason for this is there are many reactions for example that reduce a +3 ion to a +2 ion and have a positive electrode potential but cannot easily be fully reduced to a zero charge.  So why not make a battery that has for instance a +2 charged electrode and a +3 charged electrode?  They already have this to some extent by using compounds like lead sulfate or the like.  But what if we could maintain a pure solution of only active components and a solvent and get an ultra long battery life? That is the ion exchange battery.  It could even make use of a fluorine reduction and have the potential for almost 3 volts a cell, or probably more practically, a cobalt battery at 1.82 volts per cell.  Or of course the iron battery at 0.771 volts.  (would be the real "blood battery") And have of course, near infinite cycle life.

This diagram describes how it would be made


The charges could be anything where one side is different from the other, I chose +3 and +2 as an example.  These could even be made into a true "series" where there are 3 or 4 or more bags, each with one or more charge difference from the other.  So in that case for example cobalt could be oxidized from solid to +1, then in another reaction go from +1 to +2, then from +2 to +3, and so on.  Those "electrode bags" could be filled with gas or liquid.  The semi-permeable membrane would allow active elements to travel through but ideally not allow electrolyte from the separator back into them.  The separator doesn't have to be a "thing" it could just be electrolyte between two electrode "bags".  I use Bags in quotes because they don't have to be bags, anything that would fulfill the requirements can be used.  The solvent in the electrode may or may not flow with the ions.  The electrolyte between the bags would oxidize (or reduce, but probably most commonly oxidize) the more reduced ions (in the examples case, the +2) while leaving the +3 ions the same.  Many oxidizing acids and bases can achieve this.  When ions charge changes, they automatically flow to the other side where their charge is attracted to be.  So it would be an ion-exchange process.  If the solvent moves with the ions one "bag" would shrink while the other expanded.  The "bag" with the lower positive charge (or negative charge since it is relative) would be the negative electrode of the battery and the "bag" with the higher charge would be the positive electrode (terminal) of the battery.

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