5.21.2017

How to make a high voltage pulse transformer at home for cold fusion

Lets term this setup a "cold fusion transformer"

End from the beginning:

1. Neon sign transformer (or any high voltage high frequency AC)

2. CW transformer

3. Marx generator

4. Traditional multi layer transformer

Theory:

We want an extremely high voltage and high current output.  For cold fusion we are not hot plasma mediated like a fusor is so we need to make up for that heat with more voltage (and maybe H+ ions but that is another topic.  See my cold fusion and making gold posts).

So how can we get both high voltage and high current?  Easy, we step up the voltage while also using capacitors to store up more current.

More specifically:
We want to have a high wattage high voltage starting point.  The best starting point I have seen is the neon sign  transformers that are 15kv and 60ma.  This gives around 900 watts which seems as good as you can get for an off the shelf 115v power supply.  So we start with that.  Amazing1 sells one google: 'amazing1 neon sign'

Now this is AC and we want to get it to DC.  To do this we use one step (or more) of a full wave CW transformer .  What this does is not only change the AC into DC but also multiply the voltage depending on how many stages you use.  For practical reasons I only suggest you use one stage, and get a 30kv output.  This will make sourcing 30kv resistors and capacitors possible for the next stage, the marx generator.  Now we have a continuous current at 30kv.  However we halved the amperage to 30 ma.  Not only do we want to boost the amperage, but we want to boost the voltage much higher.  How can we do both?  A marx generator.  This device takes the 30kv to charge capacitors in parallel and discharge them in series.  This will multiply your 30kv by however many stages you have and improve the amperage because you stored up a long times worth of power and it discharges fast in pulses once every few seconds.  I suggest maybe 1-10 stages (the fewer stages the faster it should spark but the lower voltage you will have).  This will bring us up to 300kv.  Now you may ask why not just use more stages of the CW transformer instead of using a marx generator?  Well because we need pulsed DC.  In order to elevate our voltage even more we need pulsed DC.  Only pulsed DC will work to input into a transformer.  And since we want to go for insane voltages, we need to use a transformer.  Now we just make an ultra high voltage transformer.  You make it ultra high voltage by making there be big gaps between the transformer layers of the secondary so sparks can't jump the gap.  Also make sure the primary is also separated from the secondary with a big gap or insulator.

If we use a 1:10 winding (induction) ratio between the primary and the secondary we will multiply our voltage another 10 fold... bringing us up to 3 million volts or 3 mv megavolts.  Also we should have decent amperage because of our marx generator.  So we have 3 million volts of pulsed DC power.  Just what we need for cold fusion.  Cold fusion will not work with AC (like a tesla coil or magnifying transmitter) as far as I am aware because the frequency is too high to support neutron production / generation.

Also for the end transformer, you should have a soft iron core or mild steel.  As big diameter as possible.  Wind the primary (input coil) on the iron rod.  Then put insulating material then put iron foil (0.5mm-0.1mm, reduce thickness as you move away from the center of the rod) then more insulator then wrap your next layer of copper wire.  The primary and secondary are not connected but the multiple layers of secondary coil are all connected.

PS: Decided to go with a 12" long 4" diameter 1018 steel rod (onlinemetals.com) for my transformer core.  Primary will be wound first with 8 awg magnet wire.  Then 30 mil nomex sheet (insulator) then 20 mil pure iron sheet then 30 mil nomex then secondary 18 awg (not connected to primary).  Then nomex/iron/nomex (the iron sheets can get thinner as you go outwards if desired) then 23 awg wire wound up connected to the 18 awg one.  This is the tertiary.  Nomex/iron/nomex then 27 awg wire wound up connected to the 23.  This is the quaternary.  Nomex/iron/nomex then 30 awg wire wound up connected to the 27.  This is the pentary.  The guages were carefully selected based on what the input voltage is compared to the input voltage of the last coil.  So if the voltage was 3 times higher at the output of the 27 awg for example then I selectedthe next wire to have a power current rating of 3x less amps as the last one had.  I started with 18 awg arbitrarily though and worked down from there.  To  calculate voltage I used turns of the primary (92) and turns of the coil of interest.  If say the coil of interest had 184 windings to make it the whole 12 inches then the voltage doubled from the original 60kv.  If there was a secondary coil before that one I added the voltage from there plus 120v.  Then I did the new voltage divided by the previous voltage to find out how much that coil changed the voltage.  That multiplication constant then was used to divide the power amperage carrying ability of the old wire to find the awg of the new wire that carried that amount times less.  That is how I determined what wire awg to use for each coil.  The resources I used were:

http://www.powerstream.com/Wire_Size.htm

and

http://www.coonerwire.com/magnet-wire/

So my current build is 15kv .06 amp power supply.  Feed that into 1 stage of CV multiplier to get 30 kv.  Feed that into 1 stage of Marx generator to get 60kv.  Feed that into my transformer to get 1.745 MV. My transformer will also preferably be submerged in liquid nitrogen to reduce resistance losses.  Why not right?  

Also the reason I used iron sheets was to basically effectively enlarge the iron core helping bring more magnetic flux to the outside wire coils.  Also wrap the finished thing in iron too then some nomex.  Allow it to breathe so it can soak in the liquid nitrogen which will also work as a dielectric better than mineral oil.

So the three innovative things I brought to the transformer was 1. liquid nitrogen to improve conductivity 2. stepping down the wire size in relation to the reduction of amps as the voltage multiplies 3. iron sheets between transformer coil layers. 

And of course this entire circuit, the high voltage ac through a cv multiplier then through a marx generator, then into a transformer.

PSS:  If you want you can substitute out the initial ac neon sign transformer and the CW multiplier for a high voltage DC power supply.  But I coupdn't find nearly as good (high watts) of a hv dc power supply compared to the neon sign ac transformer.

PSSS:  Actually planning on using a full wave CW multiplier so that would be 15kv x3 from the CW = 45kv x2 for the marx is 90kv x 29.1 for the transformer = 2,619,000 volts.

PS4: Always point the B field of every winding (if they are on top of eachother) up towards the north star and make sure every winding is wrapped counter clockwise (negative side up?)

PS5:  The best magnet would be a magnetized iron sphere within another iron sphere that are connected to eachother through the poles (mabye the earth is this?).  If you want to make a toroid out of the transformer by attaching iron sheet to the top and botton; attach it to the corner s at 45 degree angles.  Even just making the top and bottom of a bar "flared out" would also help.  Ideally one would want to input a frequency of DC pulses into the transformer that matches the ringing frequency of the transformer itself.  Basically the magnetic field produced on the core by the primary will induce current in the secondary which itself will induce a magnetic field (in the same direction as the primary if it is wound right; use the "right hand rule") which will induce a current in the tertiary which, by virtue of the magnetic field it creates induce another current in the secondary again... and so on and so on. Sp basically you are looking to create the highest anplitude standing waves of power; basically just look for the best ratio of power out of the pentiary vs power in to the primary.  So vary the frequency of input pulses from the marx generator (by varying the capacitance and/or number of stages, but voltage of each capacitor should be the same) to get the best ratio of output power from the pentiary vs input power into the primary.

5.14.2017

Cold Fusion using acidic electrolysis of regular light water

I have been attempting to make gold when I stumbled upon an interesting find,  acidic hydrolysis produced much more heat than alkaline hydrolysis and also seems to produce neutron radiation.

I used two iron electrodes (but could be any conductive material) submerged in distilled water and 30 volt power supply running at about 10 amps by putting in a slight amount of sulfuric acid into the distilled water.   Just enough acid to get 10 amps at 30 volts.  

What I noticed was incredible heat produced and peripheral neuropathy like I was bombarded with neutron radiation. Even a foot of sand wasn't enough to stop the effects, adding water to that sand did however reduce the effects.  This leads me to believe we are dealing with neutron radiation.

The mechanism for this may be that the H+ ions in acidic solution were undergoing electron capture or 'positron emission' and being converted into neutrons.

To harness this power lithium or boron compounds and water can be used to absorb the neutrons and convert the energy into heat.

Alternating current can also seemingly produce large amounts of heat in water and may also produce cold fusion effects.

Electric Cold Fusion of atomic nuclei mechanism: How gold is made in the earth

In my past posts I have talked about creating gold with a strong electric charge.  Now I am going to propose a theory on exactly how electric charge can induce fusion.


In this hematite lattice we can see each oxygen is bound to 3 irons.  Now the theory here of electric fusion is that since we know a strong electric charge can create oxygen vacancies in a crystal structure, these vacancies coupled with the neutralization of the iron atoms from the same electric charge, allow the three iron atoms to collide/implode along with 2 oxygens fusing them together creating plutonium 200.  This plutonium 200 decays with 15 electron captures/positron emissions and 3 neutron emissions.  (Now I don't believe in positron emission, I believe it is just a high energy electron capture producing a gamma ray instead of an x-ray, but regardless it doesn't effect this theory.) 
What may happen is when 5 neutrons are created rapidly that one is lost as a neutron emission.  Or that neutron loss leads to gamma ray emission (positron emission).  Something to this effect would be needed to explain why both positron emission/electron capture and neutron emission are both happening to convert plutonium 200 to gold 197 and not mercury 200.

Now the iron/hematite is just an example of exactly how this works, but electric fusion in general just requires:

1. a crystal structure 
2. Negative atom vacancies being  produced by an electric charge (ie: oxygen, chlorine, fluorine)
3. An electric charge that neutralizes positive atoms that are a part of the crystal structure that are in proximity to the vacancies (probably the same electric charge from #2 but not necessaarily)

The predictions of this theory are:
1. We will see x-rays (from electron capture) and/or gamma rays (from 'positron emission') emitted which signify electric fusion is happening.
2. We will see neutron emission. (unless the exact amount of atomic mass units are produced ie: iron 55 is being made/used to produce plutonium 197.)
3. We should see elements being transmuted.

**Update** high mercury contents found in gold!
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242508889_Composition_of_placer_and_lode_gold_as_an_exploration_tool_in_the_Stewart_River_map_area_western_Yukon
This means that the Iron 55 method is probably right, so we need neutron radiation to convert Iron 56 and 54 to 55 in orderto make gold.

So all that is needed is an oxide of the form of hematite and a strong electric charge to transmute elements.  The charge just needs to be protected so that it doesn't induce a chemical bond between ions instead of electric fusion within the crystal lattice.  So negative ions should be blocked from interacting with the target oxide.  

This can also work with other elements besides iron; Manganese in this form may be able to create platinum for example.

5.11.2017

Making gold from iron electrolysis appears to have worked, update later today

So I have been working on making gold and this is how I did it.

two 3/8" steel bars put in distilled water in a glass (not touching each other). Put in a tsp or so of sulfuric acid.  Hook up the bars to a 30 volt power supply around 2 amps or so.

Electrolyze for a long time but changing the polarity of the electrodes often (switching which electrodes is positive and which one is negative).  Run it for as long as you can.

All of that muck is your gold "concentrate".  Now wash it (by adding water, letting it settle, and pouring off the excess water) and then dissolve it using hydrochloric acid and peroxide and heat.

Once it is all dissolved and the liquid is clear, let it cool then add SMB (sodium metabisulfite), you may need quite a bit but if you add too much it will turn all opaque and foggy, you don't want that.  You just want enough until it stops fizzing when you add it, maybe a little bit more.

Now wait a day and you should see a dusting of tan to blackish powder on the bottom of the glass.  This should be gold.  Carefully pour off the liquid.  Add more distilled water (only use distilled water in this whole process) let it settle another day, then pour off the liquid again.  Do this once more.  Now when you pour off the liquid, heat up the remaining powder and water to evaporate all water.  

This is what is left: (looks like gold but who knows)





Now put this remaining powder in a crucible and melt it into gold. (may need to add borax, doesn't seem to want to easily melt into gold)

I am at the final step now, once I melt it and verify it is gold I will let you know.  

ps: since I don't really have enough to reliably melt into gold I am aquiring a stannous (tin) chloride test solution to test this for gold rather than trying to melt it.




5.06.2017

Clean legal nuclear power reactor using bismuth lead thallium

Here is the invention of a clean safe and legal nuclear reactor.

We use our neutron production from our previous method of generating neutrons from hydrogen sulfide/selenide/telluride and quartz/hydroxide/iron oxide system.

To the iron oxide we add beryllium oxide (or another high temperature neutron moderator).  This slows neutrons down so that we can capture them later.  Now we take a large atom like bismuth (largest easy to acquire element) to capture our slowed (thermal-like) neutrons.  The reason we want big elements is they decay quickly and release radiation that we will absorb to produce heat.

To add the neutron capturing atom we include that in the quartz crystal described in the how to make gold post. Quartz crystal can act as a neutron filter to only allow slow neutrons to enter.  Now the slow neutrons interact with the bismuth atoms in the glass and create unstable bismuth isotopes.  These emit radiation which is captured by a neutron absorber, preferably borax or boric acid infused water.  This setup is preferably placed underground for safety or is shielded with heavy elements to protect against gamma rays from escaping.

Also we can tune the temperature of the reactor so that neutron capture is effected.  Anywhere from near absolute zero to high temperatures can be used to vary the reactor properties like neutron capture/reemission rates and how many neutrons can be captured before decay. Having todo with the resonance of the atomic nucleus with the neutron it is trying to capture.  R and S process and what isotopes are formed can also be effected.  If the temperature is low and the neutron speed is low and constant then likely we will expect greater frequency of neutron capture since the resonance peak is higher and narrower.  This can allow for more R process capture happening.


Notes on clean independent high power generation

How to make power

so we need neutron creation, moderation, filters, acceptors, reflectors, and absorbers.

creation and moderation coupled.  Iron oxide (creation) and beryllium oxide (moderation).

filter and acceptor coupled; quartz is the filter and bismuth is the acceptor.  Bismuth oxide added to glass then made into quartz.

Neutron stuff

neutron filter bismuth quartz
http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/37/121/37121583.pdf

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306454903001294

neutron reflector beryllium graphite
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_reflector

neutron absorber boric acid
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pressurized_water_reactor#Control

neutron moderator (thermal neutron)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_moderator

moderator vs reflector (lighter moderates heavy reflects)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_reflector

the slower the neutrons the more lighter elements reflect.

5.05.2017

Appendicitis is caused by bacteroides infection

This bacteria was isolated from the majority of removed appendixes that tested positive for bacteria.  It is especially present in more severe cases. This is a gram negative bacteria so that means appendicitis can be prevented or treated with food grade diatomaceous earth.

5.04.2017

Where cold fusion really shines: Thorium production

So as we have seen, cold fusion doesn't produce excess energy.  Creating neutrons from electrons takes a lot of potential energy, and really the best we can hope for is to get our electrons back.  If we could break even in energy usage we would be very very happy (and could make gold from iron for free).  

Well then how does this help us on our quest for better energy for all?  Well since we can make heavier elements we can make elements that are typical nuclear fuel.  

So lets take thorium for example.  Thorium is produced probably from Rubidium.  Thorium is 4 spaces to the right of rubidium and 3 spaces down just like gold is to iron.  I believe this is the standard difference that usually can produce a new element.

Things that support this notion is that rubidium is found in high concentrations of seawater and thorium is insoluble in water.  Thorium is found in high concentrations on the sea floor.  So it could easily be that rubidium is converted into thorium on the surface of the ocean by light and probably the reducing action of phytoplankton and it falls to the bottom of the ocean.  

In order to figure out exactly how to replicate this we should study the electron transport chain of phytoplankton and figure out the intercellular reducing compounds that the creature makes.  Also we should see where exactly rubidium would fall into that metabolic chain knowing that rubidium would be analogous to potassium so it would be found inside cells.  So we want to find reducing compounds found inside  phytoplankton cells.  When we know this we can use those compounds to convert rubidium to thorium without the cells --or we could farm phytoplankton and feed them extra (below 50% of potassium) rubidium and collect the sediment on the bottom of the tank.--

Anyway after we have thorium the next step is to make it into material that can provide us cheap power.  I believe up to 12% uranium 233 is allowed to be in thorium legally.  This should be plenty for us for small scale power.  We convert the thorium to uranium 233 by including thorium in the process we did earlier where iron was converted into gold.  Mixed in the iron oxide we should have some thorium.  As the iron oxide "nuclear melts" some of the thorium also is given some extra neutrons as the iron oxide nuclear melts from the electrons provided by the quartz crystal.  This should make some of our thorium take up extra neutrons and to create a slightly enriched version of thorium.  We need to stay below the 12% mark to stay legal which is beyond the limit we will achieve anyway.  Then we can use that to make energy from.