6.27.2018

Nobel Metal Air Battery for use in Vape mods and any other use

Vaporizers have a problem.  They explode.  It happens to a dozen people a year and so far one person has died.  It is a significant liability for Vape Mod (e cigarette vaporizer device) makers and is a major deterrent to releasing a device. There have been regulator calls for alternative power sources beyond lithium ion which is not prone to fires and explosions like crap lithium technology is.  This is particularly dangerous because these devices are used near peoples faces.  "Rechargeable Lithium" (I use quotes because the very notion is an oxymoron) batteries are the hallmark of a society which has lost touch with anything resembling good responsible engineering and instead hell bent on making a quick buck at any cost.

Well I have done much much research in the past on batteries (so much that I could have a PhD in Electrochemistry) that I think I am in a unique place to solve this dilemma.  And it just so happens that the tech I have pioneered, the nobel metal battery, would find a holy grail type of application into the vaporizer industry.

What is a noble metal battery? In its simplest and near optimum form it is a battery that uses a copper anode and a porous sintered (or just packed powder) ruthenium (actually leaning toward rhenium now since ruthenium price exploded.  Perhaps rhenium iridium and/or ruthenium alloy) cathode in a 37-40% (or higher if possible) HCL electrolyte.  Ruthenium I have found to be the best trade off between voltage and cost/ease of use.  Rhenium and especially Iridium are better cathodes, but the high cost and extreme melting points of these metals and inability to cost effectively electroplate them on other metals make them impractical.  Copper is the best anode from my testing but alloys with germanium or some sort of germanium surface treatment of the copper or germanium in the electrolyte may be able to achieve higher voltages (for more info see electrochemical series).  The cathode need not be porous or sintered if an oxidant is added to the electrolyte, but optimally this would be an air battery so a porous cathode would be ideal.  Also for recharging; air and/or nitrous oxide is much more ideal than hydrogen peroxide because when the gas pressure is reduced the oxidant nature of the system goes away and stops self discharge and also improves rechargability.  Hydrogen or another gas can replace the air in the porous cathode if desired and further improve rechargability and/or storage.  As far as the electrolyte; HCL at the highest percentage possible gives the highest voltage and also highest amperage of discharge.  The only thing I think could do better is possibly HF, but that is one of the few deadly chemicals out there so I hope it is not used.  Plus I'm not really sure it would even be better, maybe as a small percentage of the electrolyte it could help.

Copper ruthenium air battery should give roughly 1.4 volts and 1 amp per square inch of cathode surface area (depending on porosity and thickness of the separator between anode and cathode and air flow rate through the porus cathode).  So lets say as a 18650 replacement we can hope to achieve 4 Amp draw and 1.5 volts.  I think that would easily work in vaporizers.  A single one could probably work but 2 in series would work for sure.

Why nobel metal?  Why not NiMH for example?  NiMH would be an improvement over lithium but it still suffers the inherent bad design in any so-called rechargeable batteries today.  This design flaw is using low conductivity non-metal compounds for anodes and/or cathodes.  They require this in order to be rechargeable simply for the fact they don't understand that at it's core - true recharging is electroplating and to have a truly rechargable battery it must operate on the principles of electroplating.  All current battery technology has been designed to try to skirt around this law of nature.  And they have not been successful, in the same way Big Pharma drugs have been designed to skirt around the fact that all medicine humans need has already been patented by plant life since the beginning of time.

What I am saying here is my nobel metal battery will not only last a lifetime of recharging with proper care, and also last a really long time before needing to electrically recharge (most recharging done by blowing into it), but is fully rebuildable and modular.  This would be the holy grail for modders and it is also the holy grail for the air battery technology.

Why is vape the perfect use for air battery technology?  Air batteries are plagued by one problem, they need air pressure.  Car's have a good application at using this battery technology because they are moving through the air and can use this to funnel some of the air into the battery.  But here it is even easier, you could have people "blow out" into the battery (which they already need to blow out in order to inhale) before inhaling the vape.  This will instantly "charge" the battery and bring up the battery voltage for use.

How can this be done?  Well my best idea so far is a battery compartment that separates the top of the battery from the bottom with some sort of gasket or o-ring.  This could be part of the device or even part of the battery itself.  This way for example the top of the battery can be pressurized by the user by blowing or also by pumping a lever (could be combined with puming e-juice into the tank/rda) and the bottom can be at ambient atmospheric pressure.  To get air flow there needs to be a pressure differential so this is what the o-ring(s) accomplishes.  So in this example the sintered porous cathode (or a porous alumina disk that is on top of pressed ruthenium powder) would be exposed at the top of the battery and the battery would be vented through the bottom of the battery, preferably though a porous alumina disk.  HCL vapors would be expelled to some degree so this should be neutralized by having it travel through for example a hygroscopic ceramic filter which will scavenge the HCL.  This could be a part of the device or even battery itself.  Vape juice can even be used to wet this filter to improve its ability to scavenge the corrosive fumes. Nice.

1 comment:

  1. I can see that you are an expert at your field! I am launching a website soon, and your information will be very useful for me.. Thanks for all your help and wishing you all the success in your business. vape shop

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