10.26.2018

Water Cycle Generator: How to generate energy from the water cycle

A water cycle generator is an entity or system that harvests energy by virtue of its coupling with the water cycle.

In the simplest form of a battery, electrons are liberated when metal ions are liberated from the anode.  The dissolving of the anode frees up the electrons that were bonding atoms together in the metal anode.  These freed electrons travel up through the anode and through the circuit back down to the cathode.  The reason this happens is because the cathode, by virtue of it bieng connected to the anode via the circuit, is pulling electrons.  What makes it pull electrons is the differential in the dissolvabilities of the anode and cathode in the electrolyte solution.  By oxidizing the cathode with air or an oxidizer, you can make the cathode pull even more electrons from the anode causing the anode to dissolve faster and release more electrons.

One way to look at this is the anode is "evaporating".  The metal atoms are going from a solid into a "gas".  As these atoms evaporate they loose their bond electrons which are captured by a circuit.  In the same way liquid water can be our anode.  In the case of water, hydrogen bonds are what hold it together.  When water evaporates, these hydrogen bonds are broken.  So it should be possible to harvest the energy (electrons or another form of energy) freed up in this process.

To capture this energy we have to make it flow down a gradient.  Once we have it flowing we can put load(s) in the path that lets us extract some of this energy. This is the topic of the Water Cycle Generator (WCG or "Wacy generator" for short).

A water cycle generator needs to provide a path for electrons (or other form of energy) to travel from high concentration to lower concentration.  In the tribogon or triborgone inventions, the source of high concentration of electrons was the ground and the low concentration was the air (for triborgone, tribogon was opposite).  The air would strip electrons from our positive tribocharging material and the ground would supply more electrons.  This works and allows for generation of electricity or useful work by putting a load in the path of the electron flow.  However this requires an earth ground.  I wanted to make a portable version that dudn't need an earth ground and I figured that somehow an open body of water could act as a ground (which is sort of known in the art). I started thinking about the water as a battery that when it evaporates energy is liberated.  This idea became a whole lot bigger and instead of just a portable triborgone, this idea is something much more significant and will revolutionize many different scientific fields of study - from geology and meterology to electrochemistry and theoretical physics - and change the face of our planet like no other idea in history.

So here's how it works.  Water evaporates in the container around the pyramid (or other shape) shaped object (pyramids are the best triboelectric shape). The electrons/energy  travel up the pyramid and out into the air.  The air "pulls" the energy out since the positive tribocharging material wants to give up negative charge to the air.  Negative ions in the air will induce water to condense.  This is the water cycle, energy from water evaporating is transfered into the air which will make the water vapor condense again.  So if you have a big enough entity you could get clouds forming over it from the negative ions causing water to condense.

Factors:

1.  Make your water alkaline.  More acidic solutions evaporate faster.  This makes sense because electrons need to be taken by the pool for water molecules to break their hydrogen bonds and evaporate.  H+ ions will take up electrons to form bonds and turn into H2 gas which will bubble out of solution.  This is undesirable for us since our electrical energy is bieng used up converting H+ to H2.  We would like to minimize this so as to harvest all the energy ourselves.  Even if we are using triborgone and do not wish to harvest any energy, still we want those electrons to flow out the pyramid, not used up, creating hydrogen gas.

2.  Boric acid evaporates too.  One way to improve the charge we can get out of this process is to use boric acid instead of or in addition to the water.  Boric acid evaporates and by so doing, may also release energy for us.  May want to alkalize the solution to make it harder for boric acid to evaporate, and in so doing it should increase the energy released from the boric acid evaporation.  Also I suppose that boric acid may help anions to condense and evaporate releasing even more energy.

3.  Salts might help, volatile anions do too.  Salts attract water molecules by their charged nature.  This is good because it makes the liquid harder to evaporate because even stronger bonds need to be broken besides just hydrogen bonds. Volatile anions like chlorine, probably boric acid, iodine, mabye bromine, etc. are negatively charged so in order for them to bond to eachother and form a gas they need to get rid of excess electrons that are repelling the atoms.  We can harvest these extra electrons.  I suppose the best anions are calcium or even better would be strontium.  Also boron and aluminum or gallium may be even better since they have lower positive charge (more electrons) and may encourage the condensation and electron release from the anions.  Salts also lower the surface tension of water helping it to be wicked up our "mat", see below.

4.  We need a wicking "mat".  We need a material for the pyramid to sit on that uses capilary action to bring water to the surface to evaporate and draw new water to replace it when it evaporates.  Sand is a good option but many others can be used too like rockwool or even normal soil.

5.  Distilled warer may be good too.  The combination of fast evaporation and strongest capilary action may make distilled water ideal.  However itbhas low conductivity though.  I still the proper mix of salts,  Cations low on group 2 combined with group 3 like boron, and high in group 7 like chlorine and bromine and iodine will be the best combination.  Fluorine would be the best but you do not want fluorine gas emitted! Also chlorine may not be the best, I feel bromine and iodine is the best just for health reasons.  Phosphates, sulfates, selenates, carbonates, silicates, and even hydroxides can also be used to get some conductive properties without emitting any halogen gases but will probably produce a lower voltage than the halogens.

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